The Colosseum is without doubt the most important and famous amphitheater in Rome, looking great and impressive that attracts the eyes of many tourists,located in the heart of the Italian capital was able to accommodate 50,000 spectators.
Its origins date back to the imperial age, specifically during the reign of Vespasian, but the inauguration of the amphitheater was under Titus in 80 AD andsubsequent contributions to the complex also followed with Domitian.
Its main use was to represent you demonstrate - that both met the favor of the people, fond of parties - and the performances of the gladiators.
Significant changes of the monument have especially during the Middle Ages, starting for example from its name, which becomes Coliseum (originally, in fact, it was called Amphitheatrum or Flavian Amphitheatre), resulting from the statue of the Colossus of the Sun God - that is the statue of 'emperor Nero in bronze.
A view of the ColosseoIn below, from the sixth century, it was used as a burial space as well as a castle until the first repairswere necessary due to the various financial difficulties suffered by the monument in time.
In the nineteenth century excavations were carried out to free up the inside of the Colosseum and in the twentieth century was reached with the excavations to the underground parts of the arena.
The Trevi Fountain is the largest and most famous fountain in Rome. The theme of the sculpture is the sea and was designed by Nicolò Salvi, who took inspirationfrom Baroque and from what Bernini.
The construction of the fountain, which is located on one side of Palazzo Poli, began in 1732 as part of the arrangement of the square and was inaugurated by PopeClement XII in 1735 while the work was still in progress.
The fountain is one of the most important tourist destinations of the capital and every day is admired by thousands of visitors, in keeping with the tradition, throw a coin in the fountain turn away because it is said to bring good luck and to ensure the return to the Eternal City . The coins collected by the municipality of Rome in the fountain are used for charitable works.
The cinema has often used the beauty and fame of the Trevi fountain to shoot scenes later become famous both in Italy and abroad. In the "Dolce Vita" by Federico Fellini, Anita Ekberg bathing in the tub and invites Marcello Mastroianni to do the same.
In Tototruffa 62, there is a hilarious and unforgettable scene that sees Toto undertaken to sell to an inexperienced and gullible tourist Italian-American Trevi Fountain along with the copyright for the pictures taken by visitors.
ST. PETER'S BASILICA
A trip to Rome must necessarily include a visit to the Basilica of St. Peter, with a total area of about 23,000 square meters, is the largest church in the world.
History of St. Peter's Basilica:
The Basilica is located in Vatican City and is completely inserted into the urban fabric of Rome, with its 0.44 km ² in area and about 900 inhabitants is the smallest independent state in the world.
The construction of the church took 120 years and was finished in 1626 during the pontificate of Pope Urban VII. The imposing structure is the same place where the Roman Emperor Constantine I in the fourth century, he built the first church on the site where tradition holds that Peter was buried, one of the apostles of Jesus the ancient Constantinian basilica today there are onlysome representations artistic.
The church is enriched by the beautiful and famous St. Peter's Square that was built by Gian Lorenzo Bernini in the years 1656-1667.